August 2019: Carey et al (2019) Finding the intersection of neuroplasticity, stroke recovery, and learning: Scope and contributions to stroke rehabilitation. Neural Plasticity, Article ID 5232374, https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/5232374
My congratulations to Leeanne and her colleagues on this incredible piece of research. The fact that an initial search identified just over 400,000 publications gives you some idea of just how much work was involved in this investigation. The temptation to stop right there must have been very strong indeed. Not only is this research innovative in its research question and methods, it is intriguing in its findings. As the title indicates, the investigators set out to find the intersection between neuroplasticity, stroke recovery and learning, and what they found is portrayed in Figure 3. Interestingly, the findings don’t quite intersect, which may say more about where research is up to, in the evolution of this evidence; because, the connectivity between these three issues is in no doubt at all. That “cognition was the major theme identified”, does not come as any surprise. Other identified themes like “task-based….and activity-based learning” and “experience-dependent learning” provides the therapeutic perspective. This watershed evidence is a “must read” for all those involved in recovery after stroke, I’d suggest. This article is freely available. As always, this is just my “humble opinion”.
PS: To make my blog less complicated, as of this month, I’m only going to post. I’ll leave it to others to comments if they want to.
Today is the first day of my new CPDLife® website. It’s not only full of beautiful, Australian landscape photography, it now proudly boasts the following:
- New suite of Self Directed course options, which, for the 8-hour courses, are priced at only AUD$220
- Completely updated Neuroplasticity course, with a new, Self Directed option
- Completely updated Educating Online (3hr), Stroke in 30 and Evidence in 30 courses, which are still complimentary!
- My new, Self Directed, 3-hour Understanding Evidence course, priced at only AUD$88
- My new Blog, with posts Health Care, Professional Development and Online Learning, which I’ll add to regularly. (I’ll still keep doing Journal Club on this website, I promise!)
If you’d like to receive CPDLife® updates, go to the Courses page, scroll down and submit your name and email address.
PS. I’m still updating my Stroke Recovery course, and, if all goes according to plan, an Educator Led and Self Directed option will be available in October 2019.
July 2019: Denham et al (2019) “This is our life now. Our new normal”: A qualitative study of the unmet needs of carers of stroke survivors. PLoS ONE 14(5): e0216682. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0216682
Its always special to reference an article published by authors I have some connection with. This article, which incidentally, is open access, provides unique insight into the care needs of those who care for people recovering from and/or living with stroke. The authors introduce their research reflecting on the fact that stroke is a “family disease”. They’re right, aren’t they? It’s not just the survivor who is directly affected, but those who they share their lives with – hence the “family” description. What’s unique to this study, is its investigation of the unmet needs of carers across diverse settings. Previous research has mainly focussed on the rehabilitation phase of care. Although this study used qualitative methods and the majority of responders were female, it nevertheless provides unique insights into these members of our communities. You’ll find the abstract under Journal Club 2019 and “humble opinion” as a comment to this post.
June 2019: Rejnö et al (In Press) Changes in functional outcome over five years after stroke. Brain and Behaviour https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1300
As the authors rightly claim, there is little evidence about the long-term, functional outcomes in survivors of stroke; which, when you think about it, is surprising! Stroke is a chronic disease, one that survivors will live with for the rest of their lives, yet we know very little about its long-term, functional impact. What I also find very surprising, is the lack of ongoing support that those with stroke, receive in the long-term. Australian researcher, Dr Jeni White, found that, once discharged, many feel “abandoned” by the healthcare system. So, its timely that we review an article about the long-term needs of people living with stroke. This article is freely available. Please find the abstract under Journal Club 2019, and my “humble opinion” attached as a comment to this post.
May 2019: Large et al (In Press) A changed reality: Experience of an acceptance and commitment therapy group after stroke. Neurophsychological Rehabilitation, DOI: 10.1080/09602011.2019.1589531
The honesty and frankness of Stephen Jenkinson, a “grief monger”, is refreshing. He’s currently touring Australia, but please assume this is not a promotion of his tour and that I’m not a beneficiary. I refer to him because his ideas interest me. In an interview with the ABC in 2016, he stated: “Every solution to dying that we come up with preserves the fear of it while claiming to absolve us of it.” Hmmm… is it time to talk about this?
Of course, I’m not suggesting that stroke is synonymous with dying, but up to one third die within the first year. However, stroke is synonymous with the experience of prolonged grief. In my search for studies investigating post-stroke grief in the past 2 years, I found only one! Large et al (In Press) investigated the efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) after stroke, and found the main difficulty survivors face is “accepting the changed reality”. Do the clinical practices associated with stroke recovery include time and interventions targeting prolonged grief and the “accepting the changed reality”; or, is most of what we do as professionals, an avoidance of this?
To find Large et al’s abstract, please go to the Journal Club 2019 page. This article is not publicly available, so you may need to purchase it or ask your facility’s librarian. Please find my “humble opinion” as a posted comment.
April 2019: Hanna et al (2019) Participation, Fear of Falling, and Upper Limb Impairment are Associated with High Sitting Time in People with Stroke, Occupational Therapy In Health Care, DOI: 10.1080/07380577.2019.1587675
OK, so I best confess that I’ve selected this article on the basis of the fact that it’s written by some of my closest colleagues, who I most admire, and it’s about topics that I’m very interested in! So, put that all together, and you have, in my humble opinion, a most engaging article. The investigators and their research questions exemplify the type of new knowledge that can be generated when the line between researcher, scientist and therapist, is so blurred, as to be indistinguishable.
This article is not publicly available, but you can always contact the corresponding author and request a copy. This study is an exploratory study only, but raises important questions and provides provisional answers. As always, you’ll find the abstract under Journal Club 2019 and “humble opinion” as a comment to this post.
March 2019: Westerlind et al (In Press) Drug treatment, postural control and falls: An observational cohort study of 504 patients with acute stroke, the fall study of Gothenburg. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
As some of you might know, I have fairly strong opinions about our approaches to reducing the risk of falls, generally, and more specifically, reducing risk in those recovering from stroke. I challenge the applying of a zero tolerance to falls, because it assumes that risk-reduction is a unilateral approach; however, in those recovering from stroke, there is the competing demand of the benefits of getting up and about! Rarely are the two issues discussed in tandem. In those recovering from stroke, we already have a cohort known to have a higher-than-average risk of falls. So, does this mean we go all out to reduce the risk of falls? Yes, but only if consideration is given to the physical, cognitive and emotional benefits of getting up-and-out and about! So, to assist us in this, let’s better understand who is most at risk and why.
In this month’s Journal Club, Westerlind et al (In press) report on their investigation of the risk of falls in acute stroke, with a particular focus on its association with postural control, and in turn, the impact of drug treatment. In my humble opinion, their findings make for very interesting reading.
This article is not publicly available; but you can always contact the corresponding author for a copy if your library doesn’t have access to the APHR journal. To find the abstract, go to Journal Club 2019 tab and select Falls and Acute Stroke from the drop-down menu. “Humble Opinion” is added as comment to this post.