October 2018 Journal Club: Lindgren I, Brogårdh C & Gard G (In Press) Pain management strategies amount persons with long-term shoulder pain after stroke – a quantitative study. Clinical Rehabilitation, Online early
Objective: To explore strategies that persons with persistent shoulder pain after stroke use to manage their pain in daily life.
Design: A qualitative study using semi-structured face-to-face interviews, analysed by content analysis.
Setting: A university hospital.
Subjects: Thirteen community-dwelling persons (six women; median age: 65 years; range 57–77) with shoulder pain after stroke were interviewed median two years after the pain onset.
Results: An overall theme ‘Managing shoulder pain by adopting various practical and cognitive strategies’ emerged from the analysis. Three categories were identified: (1) practical modifications to solve daily life problems; (2) changed movement patterns and specific actions to mitigate the pain, by non-painful movements, avoidance of pain-provoking activities and various pain distracting activities and (3) learned how to deal with the pain mentally. Several strategies were used simultaneously and they were experienced successful to various degrees.
Conclusion: The findings in the present study indicate that persons with persistent shoulder pain after stroke use both practical and cognitive strategies to manage their pain.